Papers & Presentations

Cost Recovery Guidelines for Monitoring Services

Cost Recovery Guidelines for Monitoring Services

This report, prepared by MRAG for the Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA), examines options, and proposes guidelines, for the recovery of costs for electronic monitoring (EM) services in FFA island member country tuna longline fisheries. It has been prepared as a result of increasing interest in how EM, which has largely been financially supported by non-government organizations or development assistance partners to date, may be sustained in the long term.

The extent to which costs may be recovered for any Government service is dependent on policy decisions of the Government or responsible agency. Relevant considerations may include:

  • the extent to which costs… Read More »

  • Comparisons of Recreational Self-Reported Fish Length Data Across Two Different Platforms

    A presentation by Brett Fitzgerald with assistance from Kelsey Dick, Chip Collier and Luiz Barbieri; the Snook and Gamefish Foundation; South Atlantic Fishery Management Council; and Florida Fish & Game Commission. Delivered at American Fisheries Society, August 2018.

    Questions? Contact brett@angleraction.org – (561) 707-8923


    Implementation of EM on fixed gear vessels in Alaska

    A presentation by Jennifer Mondragon describing the process carried out in designing, piloting and implementing an EM program for a fleet of some 1,100 small vessels that target halibut and sablefish. This was presented at the IFOMC in Vigo, Spain, June 2018.

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    Electronic Monitoring Onboard Purse Seine Tuna Fisheries: Standards & Capabilities

    A presentation by Jon Ruiz , Senior Researcher at AZTI Sustainable Fisheries Management, delivered at the Electronic Monitoring Workshop section of the Internal Fisheries Observer & Monitoring Conference, Vigo, Spain, June 2018.

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    Current State of Electronic Monitoring in the United States

    A presentation by Brett Alger, NOAA Fisheries Electronic Monitoring Coordinator, June 13, 2018. delivered at the Electronic Monitoring Workshop section of the International Fisheries Observing and Monitoring Conference (IFOMC), Vigo, Spain.

    Download link:  Current State of Electronic Monitoring in the United States


    NOAA Issues Report from the National Electronic Monitoring Workshop

    A diverse group of nearly 100 stakeholders gathered in Seattle in November 2016 to share information on what is working – and what challenges remain – in the implementation and integration of electronic monitoring technologies in fisheries observation.

    This Second National EM Workshop was organized and planned by a steering committee of fishermen, managers, scientists, and fishery non-governmental organizations. It served as a follow-up to the First National EM Workshop, held in January 2014, which focused on encouraging the ongoing development of EM technologies.

    The workshop featured ten panel discussions, organized both by region (Alaska, Atlantic HMS, Northeast, and West Coast) and topic (Considering Costs; Data Quality, Storage, and Retention; Emerging EM Programs; Program Design and Implementation; EM… Read More »


    Presentations from 2017 AFS Symposium: Emerging Technologies in Fisheries-Dependent Science and Catch Monitoring

    Fisheries worldwide are seeking to improve catch data and regulatory compliance while managing costs. Electronic monitoring (EM) has clear potential to meet these challenges by incorporating cameras, sensors and electronic reporting systems into fishing operations. However, program development costs as well as the costs of human video review and video storage present significant barriers to moving EM programs forward.

    At the American Fisheries Society Annual Meeting in Tampa, Florida in August, a symposium on Emerging Technologies in Fisheries-Dependent Science and Catch Monitoring brought together experts in electronic technologies and automated data processing to examine how ongoing efforts can improve fisheries-dependent data collection. Presenters explored the status and economics of current and developing EM programs; the evolution of EM hardware and software… Read More »


    PowerPoint: Cloud and Machine Learning Technologies for Electronic Monitoring Data Processing and Analysis

    A Cloud and Machine Learning-based Electronic Monitoring (EM) system that enables effective monitoring of the compliance of commercial tuna fishing was developed for NOAA Fisheries. HD video and GPS location trace data are pre-processed, with quality control via a scalable computing cluster Data Pre-Processing System, as part of a hybrid cloud solution for this EM system. The quality controlled video data and its metadata are ingested into Amazon GovCloud S3 storage. GovCloud elastic servers and other PaaS and IaaS services are used to facilitate EM data analysis and review. Machine learning-based Activity Recognition (AR) is another key solution in the EM system. AR detects and classifies fish capturing activities, tags the video segments containing fishing events, and performs… Read More »


    PowerPoint: Technology Investments for Tomorrow’s EM Programs

    Expanding information needs in commercial fisheries has led to the introduction of EM as a rapidly growing alternative to observer programs. EM is still in its infancy and while EM and observers seek to achieve similar information outputs they are fundamentally different programs in terms of design, operational needs and cost. A successfully implemented operational EM program is the result of optimizing data needs (quantity, quality, and timeliness) with the fishery characteristics, the technology, the operational requirements to support the deployment of EM and available funds.

    A multitude of studies has shown that many of the standard fishery information needs can be successfully achieved using EM. Future technology investments hold promise for improving information quality, gathering new types… Read More »


    PowerPoint: It’s All Connected- Saltwater Inc. Electronic Monitoring

    Technology has changed the way Saltwater does business – literally — from collecting fisheries data with onboard and shoreside observers to working with both observers and electronic monitoring systems.

    With EM, we operate at the intersection between fishery managers and fishermen, between policy and implementation, and between all the data one might want and what can be collected, reviewed, and stored at a reasonable cost. We design and build EM systems and software, install them on boats, train skippers, provide ongoing technical support, and review and analyze data. We consider it our job to continually look for ways to make the collection and use of EM data better, faster, and cheaper. More and better data increases the odds… Read More »